Multan History
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Pakistan has basically an agrarian economy but unfortunately level of production in agriculture has been comparatively low. Planners/Research workers who have been watching failure/success of our agriculture have identified various causes for low production. One of them is the low efficiency of the irrigation system in supply irrigation water to farmer’s fields. It is estimated that 92 MAF water is diverted to the canals annually out of which about 32 MAF water is lost in the canals and only 60 MAF reaches the mogha outlet. Beyond mogha outlet, situation is rather more alarming where 37 MAF

is lost from watercourses annually during conveyance from mogha to farm gate. Above all, out of 56 MAF irrigation water available at field Nakkas, 14 MAF is reported to be wasted due to unleveled fields.

After realizing this wastage of huge amount of irrigation water, different projects were initiated during early seventies to curtail these losses from the irrigation system beyond canal outlet. Accordingly, On-Farm Water Management Pilot Project was started during the year 1976-77 in seven Tehsils of the Punjab namely Faisalabad, Toba Tek Singh, Sammundri, Jaranwala, Chiniot, Shaiwal and Khanewal with the financial and technical assistance of USAID. This Pilot Project achieved its targets and was successfully completed in June 1981, one year ahead of its time schedule.

On completion of the Pilot On-Farm Water Management Project, intensified Water Management Programmes were launched in Punjab Province.

The Major components of the On-Farm Water Management Programme in Multan are as under:-

1. Watercourse Improvement

Regular improvement/complete renovation of watercourses including partial brick lining at appropriate places, installation of Nakkas, culverts, drops, siphons, buffalo wullow etc on cast sharing basis.

2. Precision Land Leveling

This is second major component of the programme, which aims at elimination of un-necessary ditches, bunds and trees from the fields in addition to precision land leveling of plots for efficient border irrigation.

 
Province Punjab
Location 30.2°′″N, 71.45°′″E
Altitude 710 Feet
Area 3,721km²
Time Zone (GMT +5)
Towns 6 Towns
Population 5 Million
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